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Thursday, June 14, 2012

SUPPORTING EVIDENCE

IRRIGATED RICE

This is a world map of rice growing locations in the world.  Adam de Bremen, 1070, recorded that self seeding grain was one of the characteristics of Vinland.
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See the blue spot in the south west corner of Hudson Bay. Actually the more important site, which is too small to be shown, is the north and south Wide Rice Rivers east of the Red River in Minnesota.  How did self seeding rice get there?
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Self seeding rice is important in Viking history and the history of several American tribes around the Great Lakes.
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Notice the five regions where rice is found in North America: California, Great Lakes, Mississippi and Gulf coast, Cribbean and mid Atlantic Coast.  These regions are separated by long distances.  Human assistance would have been required to connect these five rice growing regions.  But because these regions exist along the pathways of recorded human travels in the ancient past, the regions become evidence that the ancient records are valid.
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It so happens that there are ancients records and other evidence that tells of human exploration along routes between the rice growing regions of today.  The rice regions in North America verify that the records and evidence are valid.
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First, the evidence of ancient human  traffic between Asia and America  on the Japanese current has been documented by many other ancient artifacts and by DNA. Haplogroup B is predominant in China and up to 70% of the women in western North America have Haplogroup BBut rice in Asia and California is another confirmation of the human contact between the two continents.
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Second,  the Chinese document, the Shan Hai Jing, describes five land journeys in North America of Chinese explorers.   These descriptions appear to tell of one time journeys   But they have an extensive knowledge  of North America geology.  This knowledge would require more than one journy which traveled over similar routes.
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One route shows the journey from California to Lake Winnipeg.  The Chinese would have been going for the pure copper around Lake Superior.  The copper trade lasted a thousand years;  So the human interaction between California rice  and the Great Lakes rice regions is a verification that the Lake Winnipeg route of the Shan Hai Jing is valid.  Those human journeys  recorded, over 4,ooo years ago may be why the blue dot in the south west corner of Hudson Bay appears on the map today. 

The long journey of Yu in 2,240 BC was a route from Mexico to Lake Winnipeg, CA.
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Chinese may have followed the route.  They came for copper.
Some, who observed the swamps, may have brought rice along during return trips, 
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The Shan Hai Jing is still taught in Chinese schools as a myth.  My friend Ming Ko and her husband learned the myth in school.  
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About the same time as the Chinese journeys, men from Scandinavia rowed boats into Hudson Bay.  Then they pulled their boats up the Nelson River, rowed through Lake Winnipeg and pulled or rowed the boats up the Red River to the Wild Rice Rivers.  From there they portaged their boats over the N-S height of land into Big Cormorant Lake.  From this lake the crews floated, rowed, or pulled along a waterway through rivers and lakes until they reached the Mississippi River. The floated down the Mississippi to Minneapolis to pick up copper that had been floated down from Lake Superior.
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The copper traders then floated down the Mississippi.  The rice in the Wild Rice Rivers and the rice along the southern banks of the Mississippi verify the many jouneys made by the copper traders before 3,200 years ago, when the Bronze age ended.
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The spread of the rice through out the Caribbean and along the atlantic coast verify that many ships of the copper traders that passed through the area after they left the mouth of the Mississippi.  The Gulf stream conveyor floated them across the Atlantic.  The end of the men's travels was western Europe and the Baltic Sea.  
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The recorded movement of ancient men explains how the rice got into those five separated areas of North America.  The ancient stories and the evidence reinforce each other.  
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You need only to look at the trail of irrigated rice in North America to understand how some plants moved around the world.  The plants moved because many men were moving with a purpose.  At the same time a plant such as rice maintains a localized record to mark the route route those ancient men took.
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From China, through America, to the Baltic Sea, the local crops of rice along the way are modern dots outlining the travel of ancient man.
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Rydholm, Fred, Stroud, Larry, 2008, COPPER TRAIL, Abcuebt Aneruca Preservation Society.  Marquette, Michigan
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Rydholm, Fred, 2006, Michigan Cooper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette, MI

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TRADE OBJECTS
BUTTERNUTS
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By their nature objects that are traded become objects out of place.
One example, in America, is the Butternut.

The butternut was found in Newfoundland, but may have grown in Minnesota 
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These butternut shells and husks were found as objects out of place in Newfoundland.  Butternuts grow in Minnesota.
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Thus this trade object, butternuts, confirms that the Vikings were in North America before the Little Ice Age. Ancient butternuts found along the Viking trade routes are evidence that Norse people were trading throughout northern North America.
Fitzhugh, Ward, 2000, Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga. Washington, Smithsonian Institution. 
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The HONEN RUNE STONE
 About 1130 the Honen Rune Stone was carved in Norway for a
a high ranking Norwegian.  On the stone was this stanza.

'Ut'   "ok"   'vilt'    "ok"    "purfa'    "perre"
Out    and    good     and      Father       pray

*ok*  "ats"   Vin   land   "'a'"  'isa'
and      at       fine   land     ?        so  
  
I     ubygd    at       komen;
in   region    that    secret

"aud"     'ma'  illt        'vega'       doyi  "ar"
wealth      no   officer   recovers  that  year
[William Hovgaard, The Voyages of the Norsemen to America, 1914, page 114:]
[Translation by Myron Paine, Ph. D.  using the Viking and the Red Man.]

Three of the lines of this rune stone stanza conform to the
Drottkvaett format, which was followed to create self verifying packets of communication.
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The composer was apparently saying that he had been out to sea, the voyage was good as if God Blessed it.  "Father pray" could be a paraphrase of "God Bless", which was expected of a Drottkvaett composer.
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In Vinland he found that "secret wealth," which may have been Christianity because no officer or some one of higher rank could take that from him.
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[By 1914 the Norwegians had not translated the Honen stanza with a with a coherent understandable meaning. This was the time frame that the Norwegians destroyed Hjalmar Holand's credibility because they said the Kensington runes could not be valid.
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The translation above was made using Lenape words to find the meaning of a tome stone in Norway.  The Norwegian scholars have been a victim of the Pristine Wilderness paradigm.  
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They did not know how to interpret old runes in Norway, but they could not accept the evidence that similar Swedish runes were in America, where, they thought, only simple native lived.  
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The Norwegian "experts" and the Pristine Wilderness paradigm kept the Kensington rune stone out of the history books for over a century.]


The NIPIGON RELICS
About 1358 the Norway rescue fleet led by Paul Knutson reached the Norse Christians perhaps on the west side of James Bay.
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The oldest American history has a stanza (4.6) that implies that the Norse Christians from Greenland rejected the rescue.  A logical assumption would be that the rescue team adjusted their mission to assist the migration of the Norse Christian Lenape.  They wanted to get to Wynland of West in western Minnesota nearly 400 miles away.
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The known route was to take boats west to the Nelson River.  Then the crews might have rowed up the Nelson River, through Lake Winnipeg, and on up the Red River to reach Wynland of West.  The data shown on the Carte du Canada appears to indicate that this route was the one used.
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In the late 17th century Pierre-Esprit Radisson crossed from the Great Lakes to James Bay by canoe along the streams in the swampy ground south and west of James Bay.  The Current River tributaries of the Albert River, enable large boats to be rowed toward Nipigon watershed.  A short overland portage may have been possible.  Maybe the Scandinavian rescue crews were attempting to use the known water route for canoes via Lake Nipigon and Lake Superior.
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The oldest American history reports that the prince, probably Paul Knutson, died in a ship wreck with a submerged rock. (4.7)  Rapids and rocks on the river near Beardmore may have caused a boat to capsize.  Paul Knutson, who was weighed down with his personal metal tools, would have had a poor chance to survive.  

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The Beardmore relics may have belonged Paul Knudson.  They are of the correct time period. They are Norwegian.  They are typical of similar tools found at Wynland of West. They were found in a logical location in a voyage to see if large boats could be used to carry people on that route.  There is document of an known event that could have caused a Norse prince to die.




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