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Wednesday, November 19, 2014


 LIDAR, which stands for Light Detection and Ranging, is a remote sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure ranges (variable distances) to the Earth. These light pulses—combined with other data recorded by the airborne system— generate precise, three-dimensional information about the shape of the Earth and its surface characteristics.

One of the sets of information about surface characteristics appears to indicate how the earth has been compacted by human traffic through many generations. Compacted earth reflects lighter than non-compacted earth.

For Example:  We hypothesized that, during the copper hauling years, 2,200 and 1,200 BC, thousands of men per year for about seven hundred years walked between Stinking Lake MN to Stakke Lake,MN.  The hypothesis is that they wanted to launch boats from the Jetty at Stakke Lake to take a water route to Minneapolis to pick up copper on the way to the Gulf of Mexico.

Look at the image above. You can see light traces from Stinking Lake (upper left) to the Jetty in Stakke Lake (lower right).  Those lighter traces might be consistent with thousands of men per year walking between Stinking Lake and the Jetty for hundreds of years.

Another Exampe:  From contour maps we determined that the optimum height for the water Level on Stakke Lake would have been about 1,380 feet.  But at that water level the ground to the north east of Stakke Lake would have been flooded.  That is what the LIDAR image indicates!

But if the land to the north east of Stakke Lake were flooded, we knew that those thousands on men had to build dikes to keep Stake Lake from overflowing into Hay Creek.  We thought we saw traces of dikes on the contour maps, but we could not be sure how high they might have been.  The LiDar image appears to show us where the dikes were.

Take a look at the center of the image.  You will see an area of non-compacted earth connected by a narrow strip of land to the non-compacted earth of Stakke Lake at the elevation of 1380 ft.

This section of the LIDAR image may reflect a dike break out sometime after the thousands of men no longer came to monitor the dikes.  The rush of the waters toward the northeast may have washed away the earth that had been compacted by thousands of men passing by for hundreds of years.  The LIDAR image is consistent with a mammoth washout.

So the LIdar image appears to tell us where the dikes were and where the dikes failed.  These events took place before Christ was born! 

1. Traffic at Flag Stone hill.  Traffic in strategic spots guarding entrance to Stinking Lake.

2.  Heavy Traffic on south side of Stinking Lake.  This is the expected area were the cargo was unladed from boats.

3.  Heavy Traffic on both sides of "straight cut"  and along "shallow Channel.  This traffic is consistent with evidence of compaction in Channel.

4.  Heavy Traffic on hills on both sides of Ramp.  Less traffic on downslide to Duct Lake but trace still shows.

5 Heavy traffic west of Lake Park.  Traffic boundary on south could be on waterway of Park Lake.

6.  Traffic area around pond indicates a shore line different than predicted.

7.  No traffic in this area may be the result an ancient Lake.  The shoreline appears to be different than explicated from modern contour maps.

8  The traffic areas appear to be consistent with Stakke Lake being at 1380 feet.

9  The heavy traffic around this lake indicates that the lake may have been a major living area.

10 The traffic is focused into a narrow corridor to get to Stakke Lake.  Some of the traffic may have used the water.

11.  This heavy traffic zone to the west of the Jetty at Stakke Lake is consistent with expectations that there was a command center on this hill side.

12 This traffic on the east side of Stakke lake appears to follow the 1380 contour, which is consistent.  But the area to the North seems to have been a water area that is different than expected.  [We were expecting a dam between Stake Lake and a lower lake level to the North.]

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