Mooring stone #2 location is shown at the center left of this image. The image is taken from a higher elevation than the image for mooring stone #1. So the harbor looks smaller but it will hold more longboats.
The earthen berm to the right appears to have been made by someone moving dirt into the lake to form the harbor.
|STINKING LAKE MOORING STONE|
The larger stones used for mooring stones may have been moved into place by the Copper miners of 4,200 to 3,200 years ago.
An iron bit was needed to make a hole in the mooring stone. The holes in the stones are evidence that the iron-age Vikings were in western Minnesota from the years 1,000 to 1,400. Steve Helgrin has found the front edge of a Viking iron bit (2011).
|VIKING WATERWAY, STINKING to DUCK LAKE SEGMENT|
|The STRAIGHT cut. Stinking Lake is beyond the trees.|
This land formation may have been caused when the Big Event. created the Horst of western Minnesota. The uplifted flat terrain did not create rivers as mountain terrain would. So the boat crews were faced with lifting the boats over the uplifted edge of Wynland of West.
|The DEEP CUT from Sinking Lake to Duck Lake|
They may have made the portage easier by investing a great amount of manpower to make this deep cut. In the Bronze age they may have had literally boat loads of slaves.
This cut is 200 feet wide, 1,000 feet long and slopes from the pond in the background to the height of a shallow depression over the ridge line between Stinking Lake and Duck Lake.
|Another view of the Deep Cut,|
looking toward Stinking Lake.
Notice, in the image to the right, that the cut is about 16 feet deep in the center where the top of a small ridge is seen. The near edge of the ridge is seen in the bottom of the image.
Perhaps the crew, or the slaves, stood on the hills up and over the ridge as they pulled the boats up the deep cut. The advantage of the cut would have been that, when the men pulled on the ropes, they would have been a lifted the boat as well as moving it up the slope. Without the cut, which enabled men to be above the boat, they may have pulled the boat down toward the snow or rollers. The men standing on the edge of the cut would have would have been pulling the boat forward and lightening the weight on the snow or rollers at the same time.
[Reported by Holand in 1928. Now apparently covered by the road.]